Bandwidth is calculated from the “Download Speed” and “Download Units” values that applicants entered in the E-rate Form 471. Some districts may submit multiple line items of services for Internet access and/or District WAN connections. For Internet access (IA), total bandwidth per district is calculated as the sum of all Internet connections. In some cases where districts bill separately for access to the Internet through an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and a data connection(s) from a hub site to the ISP or state/regional network, the lesser bandwidth was taken as the connection capacity. For district WAN bandwidth, the bandwidth range of the district is the lowest and highest connection speeds across all district WAN connections reported by the district.